Sunday, August 21, 2016

Cleveland Mass Mob XXIV — Our Lady of Mount Carmel West

Cleveland Mass Mob XXIV
Our Lady of Mount Carmel West
5 p.m. Saturday 24 September 2016
West 70th & Detroit

Our Lady of Mount Carmel—West began as a mission of Saint Rocco’s parish, both Italian nationality. Our Lady had a chapel in 1926. In 1949, the present church was built. In 1966, Our Lady of Mount Carmel became a parish. Churches have different ranks, and they can change, and change back. Italian Mass is said in the parish. Some parishioners are Latin Americans. Both parishes are staffed by he Mercedarian order of priests. Both still have active grade schools, which has become a rarity.

Sunday, June 19, 2016

Cleveland Mass Mob XXIII — Saint Aloysius

Cleveland Mass Mob XXIII
Saint Aloysius
9.30 a.m. Sunday 21 August 2016
10932 St. Clair Avenue
St. Aloysius in Glenville began as a mission of St. Thomas Aquinas in 1898. Cleveland was expanding and annexed Glenville (and Collinwood) in 1910. The present church is the fifth building to convene the parish. This Italian renaissance basilica style church was erected in 1922. Inside there is so much to see in sacred art. It is one of the many churches worth seeing in Cleveland. If one likes Christian decorative arts, they will be favorably impressed.

Saint Agatha was a separate parish from 1945 to 1975. Saint Joseph Collinwood existed from 1877 to 1994. Nearby St. Philip Neri (begun 1914) was closed in 2008. Aloysius is the only Catholic parish in Glenville and West Collinwood. Demographics can change over the years. Glenville in the interwar period was a heavily Jewish neighborhood and had over twenty synagogues, some of those buildings have become churches. The neighborhood now is almost entirely African-American. St. Aloysius had been Irish. Later it was a favorite of  Bishop Clarence Issenmann, when his residence was in Bratenahl.

A parish is meant to endure through time, through generations. Membership has fluidity over time. Over the generations, a continuing new community arrives; sometimes with familial continuity, and sometimes with new introductions. A Sunday Mass at St. Aloysius is  a warm encounter. They understand that the 'sign of peace' is celebratory. It is a promenade of welcome done twice here.

Sunday, May 15, 2016

Cleveland Mass Mob XXII — Saints Peter & Paul

Cleveland Mass Mob XXII
SS. Peter and Paul Ukrainian Catholic
10 a.m. Sunday 19 June 2016 (Father's Day)
2280 West 7th Street

Now, there are 24 self-governing sister churches in the Catholic Church. All equal, all valid, all in communion with each other and the Pope. Most Catholics are in the Latin church of the West. There are 23 churches in the East, most with a similar Liturgy and tradition of the corresponding Orthodox, or Oriental church. So an Ukrainian Catholic service, will look like an Ukrainian Orthodox service.

Now, in the greater Cleveland area we have a Melkite Byzantine* church (St. Elias), a Romanian Byzantine Catholic eparchy (diocese) in Canton with a parish on W. 65th (St. Helena), and a Maronite† church (St. Maron). There are two eparchies in Parma, with several parishes in the area. There is the Ruthenian Byzantine (Cleveland Mass Mob VIII was at Holy Ghost), and the Ukrainian Greek* Catholic.

The first Ukrainian congregation (1902) and church (1910) in Cleveland is SS. Peter and Paul. This is the mother church to St. Mary (1952) now in Solon, St. Josaphat (1959) Cathedral in Parma, St. Andrew in Parma (1972), and Pokrova (the Protection of the Mother of God) in Parma (1973).

Saints Peter and Paul church looks small from the outside, but stunningly beautiful on the inside. To most it will be a surprise, an ecclesiastic jewel. Over the years, murals, and a stained glass window commemorating a millennium of Christianity has been added. Before 1956 the church had an onion dome, it is now a steeple.
*Byzantine and Greek are here synonymous
† Maronite has no corresponding church

Sunday, March 13, 2016

Cleveland Mass Mob XXI — Saint Elizabeth

Cleveland Mass Mob XXI
Saint Elizabeth of Hungary
11 o'clock  Pentecost Sunday
May 15, 2016
9016 Buckeye Road
Saint  Elizabeth is the first Hungarian (Magyar) Roman Catholic Parish in America beginning in 1892. The present church was begun in 1918, and dedicated on February 19, 1922. The church and its limestone dome and towers are modelled after Rome's baroque Sant'Agnese in Agone. The beauty and importance of the building earned it a place in 1976 on the National Register of Historic Places.

Cleveland is the most important place of Hungarian settlement in the new world. The Hungarian hierarchy (in Esztergom) had promised that Hungarian speaking priests will always be available for Cleveland. As is so with other people:  ethnicity, religion and culture are bound together. A few years ago there were several Hungarian Catholic parishes in Cleveland, Akron, Barberton, Orange, Elyria, and Lorain. To-day, there are only the two in Cleveland:  St. Elizabeth, and St. Emeric.

Sunday, November 22, 2015

Cleveland Mass Mob XX — Saint Casimir

 Cleveland Mass Mob XX
Saint Casimir
11.30 a.m. Sunday, March 13, 2016
8223 Sowinski Avenue

Once you visit a parish, sometimes you go again.  Over this past year it was suggested to mob particular churches, "you should go to St. Michael's", "you should go to St.Colman's".  We did—last year.  With every mobbing, there are people whom do not realise there has been several mobbings in the past.  One lady has told me at two different mobbings that we should re-visit churches, because some people had not been to them. The second time she told me, "go back to Casimir".  So...

 Saint Casimir 125 years 1891-2016+
(image borrowed and altered from St. Casimir Hammond Indiana)

Sunday, November 1, 2015

Cleveland Mass Mob XIX — Saint Augustine

Cleveland Mass Mob XIX
 Saint Augustine
10 a.m. Sunday 22 November 2015
2486 West 14th Street
Saint  Augustine began just before the War for the Preservation of the Union. In 1860 it was a mission church, parish status came after the war in 1867. The original church building, though expanded was still too small. In contrast to recent history, a former Protestant church was converted for Catholic use, the old Pilgrim Congregational Church (then called Jennings Road Congregational) begun in 1865 became Saint  Augustine's in 1896. The negotiations for sale and purchase took some time, for the trustees and membership, and neighboring Protestant churches did not want to sell to Catholics. Originally the church had a steeple, it was destroyed by lightning and a resultant fire in December of 1918.
St. Augustine c.1896-1918
The old South Side (Tremont) suffered during the Great Depression, as did much of the country. After WWII many people moved to larger homes elsewhere, and the construction of highways further de-populated the area.
Christ of the Breadlines (after Fritz Eichenberg), in the basement dining room
In the 1960s a Spanish Language Liturgy was offered. That ministry eventually came to St. Michael's. Since then, St. Augustine's has become the ministry for the deaf community, the blind community, and welcomes all with any problems physical, mental, and spiritual. Its hunger center is noticed by the local television stations each Thanksgiving and Christmas. There has been a generation of new reporters to Cleveland that have come for the annual stories, but people are fed every day. St. Augustine's is known nationally for its good works, and help is always needed. The Nuns on the Bus tour stopped by in June 2012 to speak for "faith, family, and fairness" as elements to consider in the federal budget.
June 26th 2012

Monday, September 28, 2015

Cleveland Mass Mob XVIII — Saint James

Cleveland Mass Mob XVIII
Saint James (Lakewood)
10.30 a.m. All Saints
Sunday 1 November 2015
17514 Detroit Avenue

At the turn of the XXth century, population was spreading outward from Cleveland along Detroit Avenue. Bishop Ignatius Horstmann allowed many parishes to be created, at the time of his death (1908) St. James was chartered for the village of Lakewood. The present church was slowly built from 1925 to 1935, with the inside murals finished in 1944.

Fr. Michael Leahy went to Italy in 1924 to look at churches. If you consult art history books (ones for introductory art history), you will find the interior of St. James Lakewood is closely modelled after the cathedral of Monreale Sicily, and touches of Cefalu inside and out, XIIth century Norman-Byzantine (or Sicilian Romanesque) style. St. James also has some arabesques in outside ornamentation. The Great Depression (under Hoover) slowed construction, but Leahy was very shrewd in purchase and payment, and got great value in material and workmanship. Unfortunately that ability has not been retained over the last several years in which leaky roofing has done much damage to the frescoes.

The value of materials that this church is built from is greater than any Catholic church anywhere in the area. The varieties of stone should excite the geologist: more marbles than most would recognise (Levanto, Chiampo Perlato, Carrara, Botticino, Verona, Porta Santa, Rosato, Belgian, Numidian), and there is Algerian onyx, Roman travertine. And on the outside: Minnesota granite steps, Indiana limestone walls, Berea rainbow granite columns with sandstone capitals.

The eight pink columns (of 18) in the nave are of Porta Santa marble.  Porta Santa means holy doors, the ones in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. The stone was quarried on the Greek island of Chios. These columns were part of some ancient structure, and now are in Lakewood. There are only four churches that have used this stone: St. Peter's and St. John Lateran in Rome, Saint Mark's in Venice, and St. James in America.

Under the period of parish evisceration, St. James had its last Mass on 27 June 2010. The Homecoming Mass was 25 July 2012. As with all the churches re-opened by Rome, the hiatus did great damage to the parish.